Circulatory System: The main function of this system is to transport nutrients and gasses to cells and tissues throughout body. This is accomplished by the circulation of blood.
- Cardiovascular: This system is comprised of the heart, blood, and blood vessels. The beating of the heart drives the cardiac cycle which pumps blood throughout body.
Cardiovascular organs: heart, blood vessels, blood
- Lymphatic: This system is a vascular network of tubules and ducts that collect, filter, and return lymph to blood circulation. As a component of the immune system, the lymphatic system produces and circulates immune cells called lymphocytes.
Lymphatic organs: lymph vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils
- 2. Digestive System: This system breaks down food polymers into smaller molecules to provide energy for the body. Digestive juices and enzymes are secreted to break down the carbohydrates, fat, and protein in food.
Endocrine System: This system regulates vital processes in the body including growth, homeostasis, metabolism, and sexual development. Endocrine organs secrete hormones to regulate body processes.
Integumentary System: This system protects the internal structures of the body from damage, prevents dehydration, stores fat and produces vitamines and hormones.
- Integumentary structures: skin, nails, hair, sweat glands
Muscular System: This system enables movement through the contraction of muscles.
- Structures: muscles
Nervous System: This system monitors and coordinates internal organ function and responds to changes in the external environment.
Reproductive System: This system enables the production of offspring through sexual reproduction. It is comprised of male and female reproductive organs and structures which produce sex cells and ensure the growth and development of offspring.
- Male organs: testes, scrotum, penis, vas deferens, prostate
- Female organs: ovaries, uterus, vagina, mammary glands
Respiratory System: This system provides the body with oxygen via gas exchange between air from the outside environment and gases in the blood.
- Respiratory organs: lungs, nose, trachea, bronchi
Skeletal System: This system supports and protects the body while giving it shape and form.
- Structures: bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, cartilage
Urinary/Excretory Systems: This system removes wastes and maintains water balance in the body.
- Structures: kidneys, urinary bladder, urethra, ureters
It is important to keep in mind that these organ systems don't just exist as individual units. The final product of these cooperating systems is one unit called the body. Each system depends on the others, either directly or indirectly, to keep the body functioning normally.