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Hippocampus

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Hippocampus

Hippocampus

Credit: Gray's Anatomy

Hippocampus:

The hippocampus is the part of the brain that is involved in memory forming, organizing, and storing. It is a limbic system structure that is particularly important in forming new memories and connecting emotions and senses, such as smell and sound, to memories. The hippocampus is a horseshoe shaped paired structure, with one hippocampus located in the left brain hemisphere and the other in the right hemisphere. The hippocampus acts as a memory indexer by sending memories out to the appropriate part of the cerebral hemisphere for long-term storage and retrieving them when necessary.

Function:

The hippocampus is involved in several functions of the body including:
  • Consolidation of New Memories
  • Emotional Responses
  • Navigation
  • Spatial Orientation

Location:

Directionally, the hippocampus is located within the temporal lobes, adjacent to the amygdala.

Images:

More Information:

For additional information on the hippocampus, see:

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