1. Education
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

Discuss in my forum

Anatomy of the Brain - Cerebellum



This brain image shows the location of the cerebellum.

Credit: Alan Hoffring/National Cancer Institute


In Latin, the word cerebellum means little brain. The cerebellum is the area of the hindbrain that controls motor movement coordination, balance, equilibrium and muscle tone. Like the cerebral cortex, the cerebellum is comprised of white matter and a thin, outer layer of densely folded gray matter. The folded outer layer of the cerebellum (cerebellar cortex) has smaller and more compact folds than those of the cerebral cortex. The cerebellum contains hundreds of millions of neurons for processing data. It relays information between body muscles and areas of the cerebral cortex that are involved in motor control.


The cerebellum is involved in several functions of the body including:
  • Fine Movement Coordination
  • Balance and Equilibrium
  • Muscle Tone


Directionally, the cerebellum is situated at the base of the skull, above the brainstem and beneath the occipital lobes of the cerebral cortex.


More Information:

For additional information on the cerebellum, see:

Divisions of the Brain:

  1. About.com
  2. Education
  3. Biology
  4. Human Anatomy & Biology
  5. Anatomy
  6. Brain
  7. Anatomy of the Brain - Cerebellum

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.