Plant Cell QuizPlant cells are eukaryotic cells and are similar to animal cells. Unlike animal cells however, plant cells contain structures such as cell walls, plastids, and large vacuoles. The cell wall gives plant cells rigidity and support. Plastids assist in storing and harvesting needed substances for the plant. Chloroplasts are plastids that are necessary for carrying out photosynthesis. Large vacuoles play an important role in storing food and wastes.
As a plant matures, its cells become specialized. There are a number of important specialized plant cell types. Some cells specialize in generating and storing food, while others have a support function.
The cells in a plant are grouped together into various tissues. These tissues can be simple, consisting of a single cell type, or complex, consisting of more than one cell type. Above and beyond tissues, plants also have a higher level of structure called tissue systems.