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Gene Theory

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Definition: The Gene Theory is one of the basic principles of biology. The main concept of this theory is that traits are passed from parents to offspring through gene transmission. Genes are located on chromosomes and consist of DNA. They are passed from parent to offspring through reproduction.

The principles that govern heredity were introduced by a monk named Gregor Mendel in the 1860's. These principles are now called Mendel's law of segregation and law of independent assortment.

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