The Gene Theory is one of the basic principles of biology
. The main concept of this theory is that traits are passed from parents to offspring through gene transmission. Genes
are located on chromosomes
and consist of DNA
. They are passed from parent to offspring through reproduction.
The principles that govern heredity were introduced by a monk named Gregor Mendel in the 1860's. These principles are now called Mendel's law of segregation
and law of independent assortment